Newsroom: 2012 Archives

December 2012

Cases of canine Parvovirus have spiked this year in the Seattle area. Parvo is a highly contagious virus that can spread through contaminated feces, water bowls and toys and can live a long time in soil or on pet's fur. Make sure to vaccinate your dogs per your veterinarian's recommendations.

For complete information on recent cases of parvo in Seattle area, click here.

November 2012

The summer-fall are the most contagious times for CPV. A high virus challenge load will overcome prior immunity, so hygiene is essential to dilute out the street virus from the environment. Maintaining a high “herd immunity” (kennel immunity), is essential, so making sure all dogs, especially those in close contact with very susceptible dogs (<6mos) are vaccinated.

Current reports indicate that the CPV vaccines will cross protect if used regularly. Some people are not vaccinating on a regular basis any more, which allows for increased CPV fecal shedding from carrier dogs (up to 70%), and increased susceptibility to high challenge doses mentioned above.

Concurrent viral infections with canine enteric coronavirus will amplify the clinical symptoms. Concurrent bacterial infections with E. coli, Campylobacter, and Salmonella, will also amplify the symptoms.

WADDL can check fecals for CPV/CCV by electron microscopy, and screen for enteric bacteria as well and can attempt virus isolation on the fecals to detect a new variant, if such exists. We can check pre-existing immunity by doing CPV IgG antibody levels on animals to determine if a booster is needed.

Some labs offer CPV PCR, which may pick up carriers as well as clinical dogs. WADDL does not offer CPV PCR.

James Evermann, PhD
WSU/CVM

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Cases of canine Parvovirus have spiked this year in the Seattle area. Parvo is a highly contagious virus that can spread through contaminated feces, water bowls and toys and can live a long time in soil or on pet's fur. Make sure to vaccinate your dogs per your veterinarian's recommendations.

King County sees spike in canine parvo virus cases – KOMO News

Frequently Asked Questions about Canine Parvovirus: Type 2c (FAQ) – American Veterinary Medical Association

Parvo concerns prompt dog-park closures – King 5

September 2012

Economical Pooled Testing for Bovine Trichomoniasis Now Available at WSU-WADDL

 

H3N2v review and recommendations for pork producers

As of Aug. 31, 289 cases of H3N2v flu virus have been reported to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) since July 2012. Fifteen people have been hospitalized and one person has died. Most of the cases occurred among children who exhibited pigs at county fairs, which sparked a debate about continuing swine exhibitions this year.

With the media coverage of these influenza cases, we thought it a good idea to provide some up-to-date information about this virus, with current recommendations relevant to hog farmers from an occupational standpoint.

The first obvious question is, “What is H3N2v (variant) flu?” This is a relatively new strain of flu first detected in people in the United States in July 2011. H3N2v is just one of many types of flu. The letters and numbers serve to distinguish different flu viruses. The “v” or "variant" designation is applied when a virus that normally circulates in pigs is found in humans. This new influenza A (H3N2v) virus acquired some genetic components from the 2009 pandemic strain of influenza A (pH1N1). A picture illustrating influenza virus infected cells (in brown) lining the airways of the lung of an infected pig is shown accompanying this article.

This H3N2v appears to be mostly spread by direct contact with infected pigs and does not readily spread person to person. Infection likely depends on your natural immunity and health.

The CDC provided some recommendations on who should avoid swine exhibitions. People with weaker immune systems, such as children under the age of 5, people over 65 years old, pregnant women, and people with long-term health conditions (i.e. asthma, diabetes, or weakened immune systems) should avoid the exhibitions. It should be reemphasized that influenza is not transmitted from eating pork or pork products.

The next obvious question is, “What about the swine producer? What is his/her risk?” We know that the H3N2v virus is circulating in commercial hog operations. Therefore, it is possible that workers may become infected. This virus behaves like the typical seasonal influenza virus causing fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Unfortunately, the yearly seasonal influenza vaccine likely will not protect folks against the H3N2v strain.

What are some recommendations to protect yourself, your staff and your pigs?

  • Wash hands frequently with soap and running water before and after exposure to animals.
  • Never eat, drink or put things in your mouth while in animal areas and don’t take food or drink into animal areas.
  • Don’t work with pigs if you feel ill with influenza-like symptoms.
  • If you have sick pigs and suspect influenza, work with your veterinarian on control strategies.
  • If you are working with sick pigs or suspect influenza infection, then take some basic precautions. This may include wearing protective clothing, gloves, and filtering face pieces (like an N95 respirator http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npptl/topics/respirators/disp_part/n95list1.html) that cover your mouth and nose. Again, remember to practice good hand hygiene.

For additional information and resources, see www.pork.org and click influenza resources or visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Website.

August 2012

Yakima County horse falls victim to West Nile

OLYMPIA – West Nile virus (WNV), a potentially fatal disease in equines, has been confirmed in a Yakima County horse. The two-year-old gelding has been euthanized.

The horse, which was pastured near Grandview, had no history of travel out of the area and was not vaccinated for WNV. The Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in Pullman reported the positive test results to the State Veterinarian’s Office.

WNV is spread by mosquitoes that have fed on an infected bird. The disease can sicken people, horses, many types of birds, and other animals. It is not spread from horses to other animals.

No human cases of WNV have been confirmed in Washington in 2012. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1118 human cases have been reported in 38 states this year.

WNV is fatal in about one-third of all horses that show clinical signs, although most horses do not become ill and show no symptoms at all. Those that do become ill display loss of coordination, loss of appetite, confusion, fever, stiffness, and muscle weakness, particularly in the hindquarters.

Washington led the nation with 72 WNV cases in horses in 2009, but no cases were detected in Washington horses in the past two years. Washington’s state veterinarian continues to urge owners to vaccinate their horses against the disease.

Veterinarians who learn of potential WNV cases in horses or other animals should contact the State Veterinarian’s Office at (360) 902-1881.

Additional information on WNV can be found at the state Department of Health and at the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Increase in Influenza A H3N2v Virus Infections in Three U.S. States

The Washington State Department of Agriculture and the Department of Health have received reports of H3N2 Virus infections in humans from contact with swine, most cases coming from contact with swine at fairs or exhibitions. Dr. Leonard Eldridge, WA State Veterinarian, strongly urges all fair veterinarians to closely monitor swine for evidence of illness, even taking daily temperatures if possible. Also, fair goers are advised to wash their hands after being in the livestock exhibition areas.

For more information, visit the CDC website.

June 2012

WSU Comparative Orthopedic Research Laboratory at Washington State University seeking canine patients for study

The Comparative Orthopedic Research Laboratory at Washington State University is conducting a study using Phycox® Soft Chews by Pharma Chemie. Phycox® is a nutraceutical supplement that contains MSM, Glucosamine HCL, Antioxidants, and Phycocyanin an extract of blue-green algae. This combination acts as a COX II inhibitor and will be used to treat chronic osteoarthritis in the canine patient. This is a doubled blinded study in which the patient will receive either the Phycox chews or positive control placebo (Carprofen).

The study will run about 24 weeks; initial patient screening exams will be conducted at either WSU Pullman or WSU Spokane depending upon client location. Once a month follow-up appointments will be conducted in Pullman, WA. There will be an incentive of $1000 to be awarded to the client upon completion of the study. We are looking for canine patients diagnosed with chronic elbow osteoarthritis (unilateral or bi-lateral), without any other concurrent orthopedic or medical disease.

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Age: greater than or equal 2 years of age.
  2. Patient weight: 35lbs to 125 lbs.
  3. Behavior: non-fractious.
  4. Absence of concurrent orthopedic, neurological, or uncontrolled systemic disorders.
  5. Must not have had orthopedic surgery within the last 6 months.
  6. Must be off of corticosteroids for 30 days prior to enrollment.
  7. Must be off of NSAIDS 14 days prior to enrollment.
  8. Must be off of any glucosamine or herbal supplements/medications/diets for 30 days prior to enrollment.
  9. No history of adverse reactions to opioids, NSAIDS, or Nutraceutical products.

If you have any clients that would be potentially interested in entering their animal in this study, please have them contact Ms. Nicole Hagemeyer, CORL Supervisor, (800) 498-9459, (509) 335-7747.

May 2012

USDA Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) for Washington State accepting applications

USDA Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) awarded five applicant positions to fill rural veterinarian shortages in Washington. This program repays student loans of qualified veterinarians in return for serving in veterinary-deficient areas in the state. Washington’s designated shortage areas are:

Veterinarians who commit to at least three years to providing veterinary services in a designated veterinary shortage area may be repaid up to $25,000 of their student loan debt per year. The awards are made through the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP).

The application period is scheduled to close on Friday, June 15, 2012 with offers made to selected individual veterinarian applicants in September, 2012. An individual may submit only one application per cycle. Applicants interested in applying for a VMLRP award please visit the VMLRP website and select Applicants. 

May 3 and May 15 webinars for veterinarians interested in applying to the Veterinary Loan Repayment Program (VLMRP)

USDA-NIFA will be offering live webinars to veterinarians interested in applying to the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) this year (FY-2012). The webinar will also be recorded and accessible from the VMLRP web site for those unable to participate in live sessions. For webinar connection information, please go to the VMLRP webpage. The webinars will take place on the following dates/times (all are Eastern time): Thursday, May 3, 2012, 11am; Thursday, May 3, 2012, 4pm; Tuesday, May 15, 2012, 11am; and Tuesday, May 15, 2012, 4pm.

April 2012

Talking to clients about BSE

March 2012

Q Fever Vigilance

In 2011, the Washington State Department of Health reported a number of human and livestock (goats) cases of Q fever around the state. The potential to see cases again this year, not necessarily related to last year’s cases, warrants attention for the possibility for exposures to occur especially during the birthing (lambing, kidding, calving) season. Additionally, spring fairs, petting zoos, livestock sales, and other venues bringing people and animals together present the potential for exposure to other zoonotic agents as well as to Q fever.

The Washington State Department of Health reports their first case of Q fever in a person diagnosed this year and so far no animal contact for this patient has been identified. Although contact with animals and or their contaminated environments are recognized as higher risk exposures for Q fever, airborne and other exposures can and still do occur.

For more information:

Information on Q Fever from WSDA

Information on Q Fever from WADDL

Information on Q Fever from Washington State Department of Health

Information on Q Fever from CDC

 

WSVMA Video Contest - Veterinary Medicine Through an Animal's Eyes

BELLEVUE, Wash.—The Washington State Veterinary Medical Association announces a video contest, Veterinary Medicine Through An Animal’s Eyes. The contest begins March 15 and ends July 1, 2012. The winner will receive a $1,500 cash prize.

The contest is open to any filmmaker 18 years or older. Entries may be made by one or more individuals working as a production team. Videos are to depict the positive role of veterinarians in society from an animal’s perspective. Entries must be no longer than 5 minutes. Filmmakers do not have to own an animal or patronize a veterinary clinic to submit entries.

After July 1, the winning entry will be available and posted at www.wsvma.org. Full contest rules and other information are available at the WSVMA’s website.

February 2012

USDA Announces Changes to European Union Animal Export Certification Procedures

The requirements for importation of dogs, cats and ferrets to the European Union have been changed. The revised veterinary certificates which must be used effective March 1, 2012 for all pet exports with destinations in the EU, are posted on the USDA APHIS IREG website.

To locate the revised requirements, access the web page and click on the beginning letter of the country of destination (Example: F for France). For a full description of the requirements for the new EU certificate, select European Union (blue or purple letters) under Summary of Requirements and then select “annotated certificates with explanatory notes."

Although bilingual certificates are now required, they are not yet available for all EU countries. Bilingual certificates will be posted on the USDA APHIS IREG website as they become available. In the interim, English certificates can be used for those countries without bilingual certificates.

The new certificates are valid for animal entry for ten days from the date of the accredited veterinarian signature. Dogs (not cats) going to Finland, UK, Ireland and Malta require an echinococcus treatment greater than 24 hours, but not more than 120 hours (five days), prior to country entry. The UK has confirmed that it will accept echinococcus treatment after the accredited veterinarian prepares and USDA endorses the health certificate.

It should be noted that Finland, Ireland, and Malta have not accepted post endorsement echinococcus treatment at this time. The accredited veterinarian should be aware that this fact effectively reduces the certificate validity to five days from the date of accredited veterinarian signature date for dogs traveling to those specific EU countries. For these countries, USDA cannot endorse the export certificate until the treatment has been given and verified by the signature of the accredited veterinarian.

USDA has also been advised that the UK is requiring confirmation that dogs, cats or ferrets were vaccinated for rabies after the implantation of the microchip. In order to confirm this, the accredited veterinarian must prepare a statement on letterhead verifying that the chip ID was read prior to vaccination. Please submit the signed statement with the export packet.

Following review of the information available on the USDA APHIS IREG website, if further information is needed, please contact the USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services’ export office. Contact information can be found on the local veterinary services website.


 

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Washington State Veterinary Medical Association 
8024 Bracken Pl SE, Snoqualmie, WA 98065
Phone: (425) 396-3191, FAX: (425) 396-3192, E-Mail: info@wsvma.org

 

 

 

 

  

 


 

 


 

 


 

Washington State 

Veterinary Medical Association 
8024 Bracken Pl SE
Snoqualmie, WA 98065

Phone: (425) 396-3191
Fax: (425) 396-3192
E-Mail: info@wsvma.org 

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